Bergamot tea, also known as Earl Grey, is made from black tea that is flavored with bergamot citrus extract. Bergamot is a type of citrus fruit that is grown primarily in Italy, and its essential oil is used to flavor Earl Grey tea. Both black tea and bergamot contain a variety of compounds that are believed to have health benefits.
Black tea contains antioxidants called catechins, which have been shown to help reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer. Black tea also contains caffeine, which can provide a boost of energy and improve mental alertness.
Bergamot contains compounds called flavonoids, which are also found in other citrus fruits such as oranges and lemons.
Flavonoids have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties,
Bergamot also contains a compound called bergamottin, which has been shown to have antibacterial and antiviral properties.
When black tea and bergamot are combined to make Earl Grey tea, the resulting beverage contains a blend of these beneficial compounds.